Monday, February 11, 2019

كم فرزندى (Low fertility couples)

زايش ستيزى درست نيست اما كم فرزندى براى يك يا دو نسل خيلى خوب است چون به كاهش جمعيت .بشر كمك ميكند و سرعت نابودى محيط زيست توسط بشر كند خواهد شد.

Our planet is overpopulated. Excess human population has led to pollution, global warming, extinction of many species of plants and animals, and worsening global competition for the limited natural resources of our ecosystem. Governments and political leaders have not been able to show effective leadership in addressing the global challenges such as global warming. It is up to all of us as individuals to do our share in reducing the adverse impact of humanity on the planet's ecosystem.

The best step that any young adult can take in this direction is to reduce the pace of population growth or even reverse it. We have an instinctive desire to have children but the most important step toward saving our planet is to have fewer children. Limiting the number of children to one or less is a sacrifice that will benefit the future generations. If a large number of young couples all around the world forego the joy of having two or more children, the population growth rate will not only slow down but we might also witness an era of negative population growth.
The world population is projected to rise to nine billion by 2050. If one or two generation of young couples limit their fertility to one or zero children we might be able to stabilize of even reduce the world population below current level of 7.5 billion.

Let us cherish and honor the single child and childless couples.

Unfortunately some communities are locked in fertility wars that lead to a faster population growth. Jews and Palestinians are engaged in fertility competition because of the Arab-Israel conflict. Some countries such as Hungary are encouraging more fertility for fear of "undesirable" immigrants. These behaviors might seem patriotic but if many countries engage in demographic competition the net effect is a faster growth rate of total human population.

Some countries that were successful in reducing population growth have reversed their policies and are now encouraging families to have more children because of their rising elderly population. Best example in this category is China. Transition to a lower population is a better policy than encouraging high fertility for sake of supporting a large elderly population. If fertility remains low, the share of elderly population will diminish and stabilize after one or two generation. The quality of life will be better and the standard of living in China will be higher if its population declines to under one billion by 2050 rather than rising to 1.5 billion.



Monday, January 21, 2019

过度教育现象 (China)


国际过度教育网(Overeducation International) 是注册在美国麻省州的非盈利组织。
这个网站致力于研究全球大学毕业生的供给与需求。各个国家对高等教育都十分的重视。政府和公民花费大量的资金用于高等教育。对于高等教育的大规模投资导致大学毕业生的供给迅速增加。在许多国家,大学毕业生的过度供给现象十分显著,越来越多的大学毕业生无法找到合适的工作。他们要不就是待业在家,要不就是接受低技能的工作。国际过度教育网 (OI) 致力研究过度教育的现象,并引起社会对过度教育起因和结果的关注。
国际过度教育网(OI)的宗旨在于教育公民和政策决策者有关全球范围内越来越显著的过度教育问题。我们提供许多国家有关高等教育和大学毕业生现状的信息和统计数据。这些信息可以帮助我们更好地了解各个国家是如何处理过渡教育的问题,并基于各个国家最有效的处理方式提供更好的建议。
China: Structural Imbalance of Higher Education Through Higher Education
反思"学历高就业难": 我们到底需要多少研究生
"研究生不如本科车" 就业率为何与学历"倒挂"
研究生就业率连续三年低于本科生
我国部分地区和行业出现过度教育现象
劳动力市场与大学生就业-过度教育现象的经济学分析
More workers say they are over-educated
Overeducation or Undereducation-Some Evidence from Chineses Graduates
Do Chinese Employers Avoid Hiring Overqualified Workers? Evidence from an Internet Job Board
An Observation on Graduates' Over-Education and Under-Education of Higher Education
Graduate Unemployment in China: A Market Demand Perspective
The Essence of Overeducation in China (full text download)
The Incidence and Wage Effects of Overeducation: the Case of Taiwan

إتخام علمي (Arabic)

يخيّم اليأس على حاملي الشهادات العليا (الدكتوراه والماجستير) في العراق، بسبب فرص التّوظيف الضئيلة، الّتي جعلتهم يطرقون أبواب الوزارات الحكوميّة والقطاع الخاصّ على حدّ سواء، لأجل الحصول على العمل، لكن من دون جدوى . وفي محافظة بابل (100 كلم جنوبيّ بغداد)، حضر "المونيتور" ندوة حواريّة في 7 شباط/فبراير، اشترك فيها نحو المائتين من العاطلين من أصحاب الشهادات العليا، في قاعة مردوخ، في منتجع "بابل السياحيّ"، وحضرها النّائب هيثم الجبّوري وممثلون عن وزارة التّعليم العالي ومنظّمات المجتمع الدوليّ، وتخلّلتها حوارات عن سبل النّهوض بفرص التّوظيف والعمل.

المطالبة بتعيين حملة الشهادات العليا خريجو الجامعات العراقية انحسرت فرص عملهم في دوائر الدولة فاستقبلتهم (بسطات) الارصفة(2015)

عددهم فاق الأربعة آلاف وأكثرهم من بابل.. حملة الشهادات العليا .. بطالة متزايدة
ـ علي اعاد ذكريات دراسته بحسرة بدءاً من دخوله إلى الجامعة وحتى حصوله على شهادة الماجستير . كان علي مفعما بالنشاط والطموح فحبه لطلب العلم جعله من المتفوقين في دراسته مما دعا أساتذته لتشجيعه على إكمال دراسته الجامعية. فحصل على شهادة الماجستير ببسالة علمية. هنا توقف شريط ذكرياته وأفاق على صوت صاحب المحل الذي يعمل معه في احد محال التجارة في الحلة بأجر يومي . ابتسم بمرارة وهو يصحو على واقعه المرير ،فرق شاسع بين ما تعلمه وما يعمله حالياً . المقارنة جعلت منه إنساناً يعيش إحباط الشباب بكل تفاصيله . لكن هناك بصيصا من الأمل في صدره الذي أثقلته الهموم عسى أن تصحو الحكومة وتجد مكاناً لأصحاب الشهادات العليا في جسد الدولة العراقية .2014-12-08

التعليم النيابية : العراق بحاجة لثلاثة آلاف درجة وظيفية من حملة الشهادات العليا

2أعلنت لجنة التعليم النيابية ،الخميس ،عن حاجة البلاد إلى أكثر من ثلاثة ألاف درجة وظيفية في 2015 من ذوي الدراسات العليا حاملي شهادات الماجستير والدكتوراه مطالبه  الحكومة بتخصيص نسبة من التعيينات  في موازنة العام الجاري لحملة الشهادات العليا.015/01/08 

التعليم العالي في مصر: هل تؤدي المجانية إلى تكافؤ الفرص؟

كان الارتقاء في السلم التعليمي دوماً هو السبيل إلى حراك مجتمعي يأخذ بيد المصريين للانتقال إلى طبقة اجتماعية أكثر تأثيراً، كما كان دوماً هو الطريق للانتقال من مرحلة التهميش لمرحلة التمكين الاقتصادي والاجتماعي والسياسي. وظل التحاق الأبناء بالجامعة هو الأمل الذي يداعب أحلام الطبقات التي لم يتح لها فرصة التعليم الجامعي باعتباره طوق النجاة من الإقصاء وصمام الأمان لمستوى حياة لائقة.

  (2012) ما مدى كفاءة المدارس في تعليم الشباب؟

حققت مصر تقدماً كبيراً في رفع معدل إلتحاق جيل الشباب بالمدارس. وعلى الرغم من ذلك، فإن الفئات السكانية المُهمشة، ولاسيما الفتيات في صعيد مصر، لازلن يعانين الحرمان من الوصول الي التعليم. ولذلك، فإنه يتعين على مصر أن تطبق طرق تعليم ة بديلة لمن تخطى سن الالتحاق بالمدارس وكذلك ى بعض السياسات مثل التحويل النقدي المشروط الذي قد يفيد في امكانية إلتحاق الشباب

About Overeducation Project


Welcome to the Overeducation International (OI) website. The OI was registered as a non-profit organization in the state of Massachusetts (USA)  in March 2014. I'm a faculty of the Crown Center for Middle East Studies at Brandeis University. I'm also affiliated with the department of economics in the same university. I'm an economist and specialize in economies of the Middle East. I developed an interest in the crisis of over-education in 2005 and initiated formal research project on emergence of this issue in the Middle Eastern Countries in 2013.
I believe that overeducation is a global crisis that has not received adequate attention. My hope is that this website will create interest and awareness about this issue among academic and non-academic individuals alike. In many countries students and their families are caught in an over-education trap. As college graduates who cannot find suitable jobs take away the low-skilled jobs that high school graduates used to do, families put more pressure on their children to go to college and this behavior makes the overeducation crisis even worse over time. They argue that one needs a college education to have at least a chance for getting a low-skill job. Without collective action there is no way that a modern society can pull itself out of this trap. It is only through coordinated political and regulatory action to restrict the supply of college graduates that this problem can be addressed.
Publications on Overeducation:
Focus on college affordability obscures real problem: we’re overeducated. (December 2015)
Is Saudi Arabia training too many university graduates? (July 2015)
Turkey: Jobs market faces a tsunami of university graduates (May 2015)
Iran's Overeducation Crisis (January 2015)
Publications (Fiction):
Three Stories One Middle East (2014)
Atul's Quest (2003)

Tuesday, January 15, 2019

Articles about Interactions among ATI

List of publications on interactions among Arabs, Turks and Iranians

(Nader Habibi)

 Iran’s Relations with the Arab States of the Persian Gulf: Common Interests over Historic Rivalry   (Maaike Warnaar, Paul Arts, Luciano Zaccara, 2016)
Turkey's Image in the Arab World , Daily Sabah, (2016)

**  2015 **

What's the one thing that Arabs, Turks and Iranians can all agree on? 2015
Turkish-Arab relations from past to today 2015   
Turkish Perceptions Survey (2015, sponsored by German Marshal Fund)

 

** 2014 **

** 2013 **

** 2012 **

Non-Arab Muslims and the Arab World (A five-country survey by Zogby institute), By Dr. James Zogby (2012)
The Myth of Iranian-Arab Enmity: A Deconstructive Approach, Iranian Review of Foreign Affairs, Kourosh Ahmadi, 2011
Why can’t Arabs and Iranians just get along? 2010 
Opinion Poll: “Arab Elites' Attitudes toward Arab-Iranian Relations and Iran’s Role in the Region” Dr. Fatima Al-Smadi

Media News: Arabs Turks and Iranians [ATI] Project.

Video and audio files that focus on interactions among Arabs, Turks and Iranians.

Arabs, Turks and Persians (A 30 minute video clip)
GCC Relations with Iran: Limits to Cooperation... - The GCC Countries: Politics and Economics conference.   Includes a valuable analysis by Dr. Fatima Al-Smadi (2015)
Managing the Saudi-Iranian Regional Rivalry  - Lecture at Centre for International and Regional Studies (2015)
'Persian vs Arab, my brother and my enemy' - Clip on Iraqi and Iranian war veterans

Our Mission (The Arabs, Turks and Iranians Project)

Slide1 (1)

We believe that the prevailing negative attitudes and prejudices among ATI communities are harmful to the peace and progress of all nations and ethnic groups that live in ATI countries.  We aspire to encourage change through education, outreach and mobilization of ATI citizens who share our concerns. To achieve this goal we are focusing on the following activities:
1) Survey of literature: The scholars and commentators in ATI countries have occasionally published articles on various aspects of relations relations among Arabs and Turks and Iranians. We have prepared a list of these publications and will update this list on a regular basis. We invite you to help us with this mission by sending a link (or reference information) to relevant publications. Our database includes publications in English, Arabic, Farsi and Turkish. 

2)  Analysis and original articles: We will post original analysis on all aspects of Intra-ATI relations and also submissions of original academic articles, essays and op-ed articles.
3) Education and outreach: We hope that this website will offer educational material and motivation for ATI citizens who share our view and would like to promote ATI solidarity in their community. Challenging decades old biases of each ATI community against the other two will be no easy task. Individuals that want to enlighten others must have access  to useful facts and educational material. If we are able to raise any funding to support outreach activities, we will provide the solidarity advocates with financial resources to support their research, publication and outreach activities.
4) Friendship and cooperation among immigrant ATI communities: Millions of people from Iran, Turkey and Arab countries have migrated to Europe, Canada, the United States and other countries. In every country that these communities have a substantial population they have created cultural organizations, religious establishments and professional associations. Unfortunately these organizations often serve one ethnic/national community and the level of interaction among them is minimal. In a large metropolitan area in Canada we often find an Iranian cultural association, an Arab cultural association and a Turkish cultural association. While these communities have many things in common, their cultural and social organizations often operate in isolation. If these communities organize joint events and develop better awareness of their common Middle Eastern identity, they can be more effective in defending their communities' rights and promoting public policies that are important to all of them.

كم فرزندى (Low fertility couples)

زايش ستيزى درست نيست اما كم فرزندى براى يك يا دو نسل خيلى خوب است چون به كاهش جمعيت .بشر كمك ميكند و سرعت نابودى محيط زيست توسط بشر كند خ...